Multicultural Considerations in AAI

Georgitta Valiyamattam1, Mariko Yamamoto2, Leticia Fanucchi3, & Feiran Wang4
1Department of Psychology and Parapsychology, Andhra University, India
2Department of Animal Science, Teikyo University of Science, Japan
3College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University
4Department of Animal Science and Resources, Nihon University College of Bio- resource Sciences, Japan

Attitudes towards non-human animals and the conceptualization of the human-animal bond varies across cultures and population groups, thereby making it a crucial consideration in the field of animal-assisted intervention (AAI). The growing expansion of AAI practice to multicultural populations within and outside the US and Europe, necessitates a greater emphasis on the cultural considerations and implications involved. In this context, the present paper attempts to explore select examples of AAI practice outside the US and Europe, namely in South America with a specific focus on Brazil and in East and South-East Asia with a specific focus on Japan, India, and China. The paper also proposes a model for a greater incorporation of multicultural considerations in AAI encompassing the spheres of research, education, and practice, thus drawing from and expanding on current recommendations in the field.

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